5. The correct measure of the deficit is represented by which of the following expressions?
A. iB −G +T .
B. iB +T −G.
C. r B −G +T .
D. (i −π)B +G −T .
E. none of the above.
6. All else equal, a rise in the debt-to-GDP ratio implies
A. a greater ratio of interest payments to GDP.
B. a greater difference between the official and correct measures of the deficit as a fraction of GDP.
C. a greater surplus is needed to prevent further rises in the debt-to-GDP ratio.
D. all of the above.